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Situation和Condition含义相同吗?-双语


Is a Situation a Condition?

Situation和Condition含义相同吗?让北京翻译公司北京金橄榄外文翻译有限公司与您一起看看以下内容:


Today we look at two words that may cause some difficulty for English learners.


今天我们来看看两个可能会给英语学习者带来困难的单词。


Both can help us describe what is happening in a place or with a person.


这两个词都能帮助我们描述发生在一个地方或一个人身上的事情。


"Situation" and "condition" often appear to have the same meaning.


“situation”和“condition”往往具有相同的含义。


However, looking closer, you will find that they cannot always be used for the same purpose.


然而,仔细观察,你会发现它们的用法并不相同。


The confusion grows when one word is used to define the other.


当一个词被用来定义另一个词时,人们就容易产生困惑。


The Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary uses the word "condition" in its definition of "situation"


《韦伯词典》在“situation”的定义中使用了“condition”这个词,


as "all of the facts, conditions, and events that affect someone or something at a particular time and in a particular place."


即:在特定时间或地点对某人或某事产生影响的事实、条件或事件。


Recently, the word "situation" is appearing in news reports about reopening businesses and social events after the coronavirus health crisis.


最近,“situation”一词出现在有关新冠疫情危机后经济重启和一些社会事件的新闻报道中。


For example, Maryland's situation is getting better as it reports the second day with no COVID deaths.


例如:马里兰州的情况正在好转,因为该州连续两天没有出现死亡病例。


Actors in movies often use the word "situation" to warn of a problem, as Will Smith did playing Agent J in the 2002 movie, Men in Black:


电影中的演员经常用“situation”这个词来警告问题,就像威尔•史密斯在2002年电影《黑衣人》中扮演特工J说的:


We're the Men in Black. We have a situation, and we need your help.


我们是黑衣人。我们有麻烦了,我们需要你的帮助。


There are older, much less common uses of the word "situation" that mean the way something is placed or to be employed somewhere.


“situation”还有一个比较老的、不太常见的用法,意思是某物被安排的方式,或受雇在某地。


I found a situation in one of the city's biggest companies.


我在这个城市最大的公司之一找到了一个工作职位。


Moving on to "condition," we find that the basic meaning is "the state in which something exists."


再看“condition”,它的基本含义是“某物存在的状态”。


This can refer to a person, or in the plural, to their surroundings.


也可以是指某人或某些人,周围的环境。


We use the preposition "in" when describing a person's physical state or health.


我们在描述一个人的身体状态或健康时需要加上介词“in”。


He is in serious condition at Washington Hospital Center. But the meaning changes a little when the word is plural.


他在华盛顿医院中心病情严重。但是当这个词是复数状态时,它的意思就有了一点变化。


They found the refugees were living in poor conditions; they had no running water or electricity.


他们发现难民的生活条件很差,他们没有自来水和电。


To describe someone's health or fitness, you can add "in" to say:


要描述某人的健康或身体状况,你可以添加“in”来表示:


She has been training hard, so she is in good condition for the race.


她一直在刻苦训练,所以她的赛前状态很不错。


But to describe someone who is not as fit as they should be, you would use the preposition "out," as in this statement:


但是,要描述一个健康状态不太好的人,你可以加上介词“out”,例句如下:


The runner is out of condition because of his injury last month.


这位跑步者由于上个月受伤,身体状况不佳。


"Conditions" can also mean "something that you must do or accept in order for something to happen."


“condition”也可以指“为使某事发生而必须做或必须接受的事情”。


In a contract, for example, there are often conditions for continuing the agreement.


例如,在合同中,继续达成协议往往有条件。


Conditions for this contract are that the place of business remains open and the employee is under age 65.


本合同的条件是营业地点仍然开放,雇员年龄在65岁以下。


We use the preposition "on" when an action depends on another action, as in this example:


当一个行为依赖于另一个行为时,我们加上介词“on”,如本例所示:


The employee spoke to a reporter on condition of anonymity.


这名雇员接受了记者的采访,前提是必须匿名。


The next time someone asks you to report on your situation, you will know that you can include the word "condition" in your answer.


下一次有人要求你报告你的situation时,你就知道你可以在你的回答中加上“condition”这个词。


Here's an example:


下面是一个例子:


A: What is your situation?


你的情况如何?


B: I'm in an excellent situation under very good conditions.


在条件良好的情况下,我的处境很不错。


We will leave you with a song that brings us back to describing our heath.


我们来听一首歌,回顾用这个词描述健康的用法。


This 1968 song warns of drug use leading to bad health and bad conditions.


这首1968年的歌曲发出警示,吸毒会导致不良的健康状况。


This is Kenny Rogers & the First Edition:


这是Kenny Rogers & the First Edition乐团的一首歌:


... eight miles high, I tore my mind on a jagged sky


八英里高……我向漫天霞光敞开心扉。


I just dropped in to see what condition my condition was in


我只是碰巧路过,想来看看我的生活发生了什么


Yeah, yeah, oh yeah! What condition my condition was in...


Yeah, yeah, oh yeah!我的生活发生了什么……


And that's Everyday Grammar! I'm Jill Robbins.


这里是每日语法!我是吉尔•罗宾斯。


来源:iyuba

 

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