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Energy和Power的区别-双语


Energy v. Power

Energy和Power的区别。让北京翻译公司北京金橄榄外文翻译有限公司与您一起看看以下内容:


Hello!


你好!


This week on Ask a Teacher, we will answer a question from Max in Ukraine about the difference between "energy" and "power."


在本期《名师答疑》中,我们将回答来自乌克兰的麦克斯关于“Energy”和“Power”之间的区别的问题。


Dear Learning English,


亲爱的慢速英语,


I'm Max from Ukraine.


我是来自乌克兰的麦克斯。


I'm improving my English by listening & viewing materials in VOA.


我通过听和看美国之音的材料来提高我的英语水平。


I have a question about the difference in the meaning of two similar words - energy and power.


我有一个问题,那就是两个相似的词Energy和Power的意思有什么不同。


Thank you, Max


谢谢, 麦克斯


Dear Max,


亲爱的麦克斯:


Thank you for this interesting question.


谢谢你这个有趣的问题。


These words are commonly used interchangeably, meaning they are used in place of each other.


这些词通常是互换使用的,意思是它们相互替代。


But there are important differences in use under some conditions.


但在某些情况下,使用上有很大的区别。


Let's start with how these two words differ in the study of science.


让我们从这两个词在科学研究中的不同之处开始。


Energy is an ability to do work or create some kind of physical change.


Energy是做功或创造某种物理变化的能力。


For example,


例如,


Energy is used to lift a box.


Energy是用来举起箱子的。


The amount of energy to lift the box is the same.


抬起箱子所需的能量是相同的。


But what if you can lift the box faster than someone else?


但如果你能比别人更快地抬起箱子呢?


This is where the word "power" comes in.


这就是“Power”这个词的由来了。


Power is how fast the work or change is done.


Power指的是完成工作或改变的速度。


In the field of physics, power is often measured in watts.


在物理学领域,功率通常以瓦为单位。


An energy-saving light bulb will use about 10 to 15 watts of power.


一个节能灯泡大约需要10到15瓦的电力。


Energy as a noun can describe the ability to do physical activities; it can be the feeling of life and enthusiasm that you use to complete tasks.


Energy作为一个名词可以描述进行身体活动的能力;它可以是你用来完成任务的生活感受和热情。


If you have low or no energy, you may feel tired or run down.


如果你精力不足或没有精力,你可能会感到疲倦或筋疲力尽。


Energy can be temporary.


Energy可以是暂时的。


You may have a lot of energy in the morning, but by the afternoon you may not have any energy.


早上你可能精力充沛,但到了下午你可能一点精力都没有了。


Coffee gives me energy, but it quickly wears off.


咖啡让我精力充沛,但精力很快就会消失。


Power as a noun can mean the ability or capacity to do something.


Power作为名词可以指做某事的本领或能力。


It can also mean that it is within your means or you have the resources to do something.


它也可以是指你力所能及,或者你有资源去做某事。


This meaning has an association that power is naturally available.


这意味着power是自然可用的。


I don't have the brain power to finish my homework tonight.


我没有足够的脑力来完成今晚的作业。


To have power means that you have control over something.


“To have power”意味着你对某事有控制权。


If you have power, you have the ability and legal right to do something.


如果你有power,你就有能力和合法权利去做某事。


To "come into power" or "take power" in a country means that a person or group controls it in some way.


在一个国家,“come into power”或“take power”(执政、掌权)意味着一个人或一个团体以某种方式控制着这个国家。


King Charles III took on the powers of the British monarchy after his mother, Queen Elizabeth II died.


在他的母亲伊丽莎白二世去世后,国王查尔斯三世接管了英国君主制的权力。


We can also use "power" to talk about energy resources like nuclear and electricity.


我们也可以用“power”来谈论像核能和电力这样的能源。


Nuclear power is environmentally friendly.


核能是环保的。


Power can also be a verb meaning to provide energy to make something operate.


Power也可以是动词,意思是提供能量使某物运转。


Batteries power our smart devices like cell phones.


电池为我们的智能设备供电,比如手机。


Please let us know if these examples have helped you, Max!


请让我们知道这些例子是否对你有帮助,麦克斯!


What question do you have about American English?


你对美式英语有什么问题?


Send us an email at learningenglish@voanews.com


发送电子邮件至learningenglish@voanews.com


And that's Ask a Teacher.


以上就是本期《名师答疑》的全部内容。


I'm Faith Pirlo.


费斯•皮尔洛为您播报。


来源Soured:iyuba

 

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